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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 21(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-19公布 l 已有人阅读
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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abstruse

adj. difficult to understand 深奥的

When explaining how airplanes are able to fly to a child, you shouldn't use such abstruse technical terms.

对小孩子表明飞机为何能飞时,你不该该用这么深奥的科技能语。

Synonym

同义词:profound; recondite

atheistic

adj. denying the existence of God 无神论者的

Gordon's deeply religious family was shocked to hear him declare his atheistic beliefs at the dinner table.

高登在吃晚餐时,标明他的无神论信奉,便信奉忠诚的家人非常震惊。

Synonym

同义词:infidel; irreligious

attenuate

v. to make thin 使变细

The thick mass of telephone wires was attenuated to a single filament for the connection in the circuit board.

为了衔接在电路板上,一大堆药电活线最初都束成一条细线。

* filament

细线;细丝

* circuit

电路

attribute

v. to consider something as being the cause 归因于

 

n. attribution

Although he attributed his wealth to his hard work, the majority of Lance's money was inherited from his uncle.

固然蓝斯将他的富有归因于高兴任务,但他大少数的财产都是由叔叔那边承继而来。

Synonym

同义词:ascribe; impute

contortion

n. twisting out of the usual shape 歪曲

 

v. contort

Some of the contortions young gymnasts perform are unnatural and eventually will damage their joints and muscles.

年老的体操选手所做的身材歪曲,有些是违背天然的,最初将会损伤到他们的枢纽关头和肌肉。

* gymnast

体操选手

Synonym

同义词:distortion

detraction

n. taking away from somebody's credit, reputation , etc. 减损;抬高

Dr. Lin's failure in the project was a great detraction to his reputation.

林博士这项方案的失败,大大地减损了他的名声。

Synonym

同义词:belittlement; disparagement

Antonym

反义词:commendation; approbation

distortion

n. twisting out of the usual shape 歪曲

 

v. distort

Because the glass was poorly made, there is terrible distortion when you look out this window.

由于玻璃做得很差,以是当你从这个窗子向外看时,风景会有严峻的歪曲。

Synonym

同义词:contortion; crookedness; perversion

extenuate

v. to make less serious 加重

The judge decided to extenuate the defendant's sentence from a ten-year prison stay to six years.

法官决议加重原告的刑期,由开释十年减为六年。

Synonym

同义词:palliate; mitigate

extort

v. to obtain by threats 讹诈

 

n. extortion

The kidnappers were able to extort three million dollars from the company president.

绑匪向公司董事长讹诈了三百万元。

Synonym

同义词:exact; blackmail

extrude

v. to force somebody or something out 逐出

 

n. extrusion

Police officers extruded the mob from the hotel lobby out onto the street.

警员将暴民由旅店大厅赶到街上去。

Synonym

同义词:eject; expel

intrude

v. to enter without permission 1. 突入 2 .搅扰

 

n. intrusion

Although they said my surprise visit was not unwelcomed, I still felt I had intruded on their privacy.

固然他们表现欢送我不测的访问,我照旧以为搅扰了他们的私生存。

Synonym

同义词:1. trespass 2. intervene

Mediterranean

adj. of the Mediterranean Sea 地中海的

The cuisine of the Mediterranean region is characterized by the heavy use of olive oil.

地中海地域烹调的特征,是少量运用橄榄油。

* cuisine

烹调法;烹饪方法

obtrusive

adj. inclined to push forward 强入的;鲁莽的

The obtrusive presence of her ex-boyfriend at the wedding created an awkward situation for Joanna.

琼安娜曩昔的男冤家鲁莽地呈现在她的婚礼中,使得局面很尷尬。

Synonym

同义词:intrusive; impertinent

protract

v. to length the time 延伸

 

n. protraction

Although there was little content to his speech, Andrew was able to protract it out to forty-five minutes.

固然没什么内容,安德鲁照旧有方法把他的演说延伸到四十五分钟。

Synonym

同义词:prolong; extend

Antonym

反义词:curtail

protrusion

n. sticking out 伸出;突起

A small protrusion in the track caused the subway car to jump the track, injuring tens of commuters.

铁轨上一个小突起使得地铁列车出轨,数十个运用临时车票的搭客受伤。

Synonym

同义词:projection; protuberance

retraction

n. drawing back 缩回;打消

Nick asked the judge for a retraction of his statement from the court record.

尼克要求法官将他的陈说航法庭记载中删除。

Synonym

同义词:withdrawal;repeal;revocation

retribution

n. 1. deserved punishment 报应 2. vengeance 抨击

For years, Vanessa planned her retribution to punish the gang that had killed her parents.

凡妮莎方案多年,要对杀害他双亲的帮派停止抨击。

Synonym

同义词:1. nemesis 2. requital

subterranean

adj. underground 地下的;机密的

During the war, many rebel groups made their lodgings in large subterranean caverns.

在和平时期,很多叛变集团立足在宏大的机密的窟窿中。

* lodging

留宿处

* cavern

窟窿

tenuous

adj. thin; slight 1. 细的;淡薄的2. 单薄的

The rope supporting the mountain-climber unraveled until she hung only by a tenuous thread.

支持着爬山者的绳子松开了,最初她只靠一条细线悬吊着。

* unravel

解开;松开

* hang by a thread

岌岌可危

Synonym

同义词:2. feeble

Antonym

反义词:2. substantial

territory

n. land 地皮

Both countries claimed the border territory as their own, leading to an all-out war between them.

两都城声称界限的地皮归他们一切,后果招致片面的和平。

* all-out

片面性的

theocracy

n. government by religious leaders 神权政治;僧侣政治

Several religious groups believe theocracy is the perfect form of government, but those who value religious freedom do not agree.

一些宗教集团置信,神权政治是最美满的政治型态;但那些倡导宗教自在的人差别意。

theosophy

n. philosophy which aims at direct communication with God 通神论

 

n. theosophist

Scott joined a group that practiced theosophy through fasting and meditation.

史考特参与一个透过斋戒与冥想来理论通神论的集团。

* fasting

绝食;斋戒

* meditation

冥想;深思

tortuous

adj. full of twists 弯曲的;污蔑的

Nancy got carsick during the ride on the tortuous road up the mountain to the ski resort.

南西在前去滑雪胜地弯曲的山路途中晕车了。

Synonym

同义词:winding; sinuous

tractable

adj. easily controlled or guided 1. 易处置的 2. 温柔的

Because of extensive irrigation ditches connecting all the fields, water management has become a tractable problem.

由于有七通八达的灌溉水渠衔接一切农地,水的题目很容易处置。

* irrigation

灌溉

Synonym

同义词:1. manageable 2. docile

Antonym

反义词 2 . unruly; defiant; refractory

tributary

adj. 1. (of a river) flowing into another 主流的 2. paying to another country 进贡的

Our small town lies on a major tributary river of the Mississippi River.

我们的小镇位于密西西比河一条次要的主流上。

Throughout history, tributary payments were commonly made to stronger countries or kingdoms by lesser states.

在汗青上,小国常常要向强国进贡。

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