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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 23(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-23公布 l 已有人阅读
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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adversity

n. trouble; misfortune 不幸;劫难

It was Mona's strength in adversity that helped the shipwrecked crew survive until help came.

是莫娜的力气协助蒙受船难的海员在劫难中生活下去,直到救济抵达。

Synonym

同义词:affliction; misery; calamity

Antonym

反义词:prosperity;bliss; felicity

advert

v. to refer to 谈及

In explaining Lenin's communist thinking, the professor adverted to the philosophers Marx and Engels.

在表明列宁的共产主义头脑时,传授提到哲学家马克斯和恩格斯。

averse

adj. 1. opposed 支持的 2. loath嫌恶的

Paul was averse to letting the nurse even approach him with the injection needle in her hand.

保罗连让手上拿着注射针的护士接近一步都不肯意。

Synonym

同义词:1. objecting 2. disinclined; antipathetic

conversant

adj. familiar 通晓的;熟习的

At her family reunion, Nina was quite surprised her husband was so conversant with her family tree.

在家庭聚会中,尼娜很诧异地发明,她的老师对她家的家谱这么熟习。

Synonym

同义词:versed; skilled

conveyance

n. transportation; vehicle 运输;交通东西

What mode of conveyance would you recommend for traveling through Europe?

在欧洲游览,你会引荐哪一种交通东西?

convict

v. to declare that someone is guilty 判罪

 

n. conviction

Richard was convicted of embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars from the company.

理査由于盗用公司数十万元公款而被宣判有罪。

* embezzle

盗用(公款)

Synonym

同义词:condemn; sentence

convivial

adj. flippy; gay 高兴的;高兴的

The wedding banquet was a convivial occasion enjoyed by everyone in attendance.

完婚喜宴是一个高兴的场所,每个参与的人都很喜好。

Synonym

同义词:vivacious; jocund; merry

Antonym

反义词:melancholy

devious

adj. 1. roundabout 迂回的 2. not straightforward 不合理的

To lose his pursuers, Harry took the most devious route he could to reach his hideout.

为了解脱追捕的人,哈利只管即便绕道而行,回到他的立足处。

* hideout

隐蔽处

Synonym

同义词:1. circuitous;tortuous 2. underhand; tortuous

Antonym

反义词:straightforward

diversity

n. difference; variety 差别;多样

A defining attribute of American society is the ethnic diversity of its members.

美国社会一个光显的特性,便是其成员包括多样的种族。

* attribute

特性

* ethnic

种族的

Synonym

同义词:identity; uniformity

evince

v. to show 体现;标明

It was rare to see a child so young evince a great talent for painting.

年岁这么小的孩子就表现出绘画的才干,真实稀有。

Synonym

同义词:indicate; display; demonstrate

Antonym

反义词:conceal

improvise

v. to produce without preparation 即席而作

Robin Williams is noted for his ability to improvise during any performance.

罗宾·威廉斯以能在任何上演中即兴扮演而得名。

Synonym

同义词:extemporize; improvisate

introvert

n. one who is interested in his own thoughts and feelings 外向的人

Most introverts prefer to be alone or with small groups of friends rather than with large crowds of people.

大少数外向的人 喜好本人一团体,或和多数几个冤家在一同,而不喜好和一大群人共处。

invidious

adj. likely to cause ill-feeling 令人恶感的;招妒忌的

Throughout history, few positions have been quite so invidious as that of the tax collector.

综观汗青,很少有职位像收税员如许令人恶感。

Synonym

同义词:odious; repugnant

Antonym

反义词:agreeable; pleasant

invincible

v. unconquerable 不行降服的

Despite all the troops' efforts to take the fort, the enemy forces were truly invincible.

虽然部队尽力要攻陷营垒,照旧无法降服敌军。

Synonym

同义词:impregnable; inexpugnable; undefeatable

Antonym

反义词:subduable; vanquishable

obviate

v. to get rid of; to prevent 扫除;避免

 

n. obviation

Recycling efforts can help obviate waste management problems of overcrowded cities in the future.

在过分拥堵的都市,再生应用的高兴关于未来渣滓处置题目的防备,很有协助。

* recycle

再生应用

Synonym

同义词:preclude; deter

perverse

adj. stubborn; intractable 顽固的;任性的

His perverse insistence on immaculate cleanliness in the office annoyed workers who insisted on a more comfortable environment.

他顽固地对峙办公室要一干二净,使盼望情况舒服一点的员工感触腻烦。

* immaculate

无瑕疵的

Synonym

同义词:obstinate; obdurate

Antonym

反义词:docile; yielding; obedient

perversion

n. 1. turning from right to wrong 误解 2. corruption 蜕化

The cult leader used his perversion of Christian scripture as doctrine for his group to follow.

该教派的首领以误解后的圣经为教义,供教徒们遵照。

* cult

教派

* scripture

经文

Synonym

同义词:1. distortion 2. depravity

pervious

adj. allowing passage through; accepting of 能透过的;能采取的

Young children's minds are pervious to the violence and consumerism they see every day on the television.

孩子们幼小的心灵,关于每天在电视上所看到的暴力和消耗主义,都通盘承受。

* consumerism

消耗主义

Synonym

同义词:impenetrable; impermeable

provident

adj. foreseeing; providing for future needs 预知的;有远虑的

Donald's provident preparation of a tornado shelter saved his family's lives when a twister hit his neighborhood.

当龙卷风打击他们那一带时,唐纳德事后预备的遁迹处,救了百口人的生命。

* tornado

龙卷风(=twister)

Synonym

同义词:foresighted

Antonym

反义词:shortsighted

tergiversation

n. 1. complete change in one's principles, etc. 背叛 2. evasion 躲避

Kelley's tergiversation prompted her to quit her political party and join a labor group.

凯莉的背叛促使她加入政党,参加劳工集团。

* prompt

促使

traverse

v. to travel across 横过

Dog-drawn sleds were used by the explorers to traverse the ice fields with their equipment.

探险家应用狗拉雪橈来装载设置装备摆设,横过冰原。

viable

adj. able to exist; workable 能生活的;行得通的

I am afraid your plan is not viable because we do not have the funds available to sustain it.

我恐怕你的方案行欠亨,由于我们没有可用的资金来支持它。

* sustain

支持

viand

n. food 食品

For truly delicious viand, you should ask Ryan to bake you one of his wonderful cakes.

要吃真正鲜味的食品,你应该要求雷恩烤一个好吃的蛋糕给你试试

visionary

adj. fanciful 梦想的;幻想的

His paintings were of visionary worlds, populated by imaginary creatures.

他的画都是梦想的天下,寓居着想像中的生物。

Synonym

同义词:quixotic; chimerical; imaginary

Antonym

反义词:realistic; pragmatic

vivacious

adj. lively; high-spirited 生动的;快活的

Polly's vivacious personality never fails to brighten up a room.

波丽生动的特性,总是使整个房间的氛围活泼起来。

Synonym

同义词:animated; cheerful; jolly

Antonym

反义词:languid

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