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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 26(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-26公布 l 已有人阅读
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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debase

v. to make lower 抬高

 

n. debasement

The newspaper's constant reports on the frivolity and incompetence of women debases women's position in society.

这份报纸不时地报导有关妇女的庄重和能干,抬高妇女在社会上的位置。

* frivolity

庄重

Synonym

同义词:abase; degrade; demean

Antonym

反义词:elevate; exalt

demolish

v. to tear down; to destroy 撤除;毁坏

The old run-down pier at the downtown waterfront will be demolished to make way for a waterside park.

位于郊区江边谁人老旧旷费的船埠,行将撤除改建成河边公园。

* run-down

旷费的

* pier

船埠

Synonym

同义词:ruin; raze

Antonym

反义词: construct; rebuild;restore

deviate

v. to turn away; to stray 偏离;违犯

 

n. deviation

Be careful not to deviate too far from the marked hiking trails or you may get lost.

警惕不要离有暗号的徒步途径太远,不然你能够会迷路。

* trail

小径

diameter

n. line across the center of a circle 直径

The little girl fell into a mining shaft with a diameter of only two feet.

谁人小女孩失进一个直径只要二尺宽的矿井。

* shaft

矿井;透风管道

diaphanous

adj. that can be seen through 通明的

The topmost layer of the skirt was made of a diaphanous layer of chiffon.

这件裙子的最外层是一层薄纱。

* chiffon

薄纱

Synonym

同义词:sheer; transparent

Antonym

反义词:opaque

disconsolate

adj. sad; that cannot be consoled 悲悼的

The three young children were disconsolate upon hearing of the death of their mother.

这三个小孩听到母亲逝世的音讯,十分悲悼。

Synonym

同义词:inconsolable; grief-stricken

Antonym

反义词:cheerful

dispersion

n. strewing apart in different directions 疏散;分布

The explosion led to the dispersion of a poisonous chemical into the atmosphere.

爆炸招致一种有毒的化学物质分布到大气中。

Synonym

同义词:scattering; spreading

Antonym

反义词:assemblage

diverge

v. to turn or branch away from 不同

 

adj. divergent

Although we are in agreement on the earliest beginnings of human life, our theories diverge after that.

固然在人类生命最后的来源方面,我们意见分歧,但之后的阶段,我们的实际便岀现不同。

Synonym

同义词:divide; disagree

Antonym

反义词:converge; conform

eulogy

n. high praise 歌颂

 

v. eulogize

Gloria asked a close friend of the family to come to the funeral to give a eulogy.

葛罗莉亚要求一位家属挚友来参与葬礼,致歌颂辞。

Synonym

同义词:encomium; glorification

Antonym

反义词:vilification; slander

euphemism

n. substitution of pleasant way of saying something blunt or unpleasant 婉转的说法

Ann used euphemisms to explain that Harry's parents had died and that he had gone insane.

安用很婉转的方法阐明哈利的怙恃已逝世,而他因此发狂。

* insane

猖獗的

euphonious

adj. pleasant in sound 动听的

As we passed by the concert hall, we could hear euphonious melodies coming from within.

当我们颠末音乐厅时,可以听到从外面传出来动听的旋律。

Synonym

同义词:melodious; dulcet; tuneful

Antonym

反义词:grating; harsh

exasperate

v. to make ill feeling; to irritate 激愤

Craig exasperated us all by constantly asking us if we had remembered to bring the tickets with us.

克雷格不时讯问我们有没有带票,把我们一切人都激愤了。

Synonym

同义词:infuriate; enrage; provoke

Antonym

反义词:appease; mollify

exhume

v. to take out from the earth 掘出

 

n. exhumation

The court allowed the research team to exhume the body of the man to do an autopsy to find the true cause of death.

法院容许调査小组把谁人人的遗体挖出来,停止验尸任务,以找出真正的去世因。

* autopsy

验尸

Synonym

同义词:unearth; dig up

Antonym

反义词:bury; inter; inhume

explicit

adj. clearly and fully expressed 明白的

Martin left his roommates explicit instructions about giving his six dogs their meals while he was gone.

马丁分开时,留给他室友明白的指示,通知他怎样为他的六条狗预备食品。

Synonym

同义词:definite; clear-cut; precise

Antonym

反义词:ambiguous; implicit; obscure; vague

extraterritorial

adj. beyond the territory of a nation 治外法权的

Because the crime was extraterritorial, the police had no power to arrest the criminals.

由于这件案子属于治外法权的范畴,以是警方无权拘捕监犯。

extravagant

adj. going beyond what is reasonable, usual or conventional 1. 过分的 2. 糜费的

The Johnsons held an extravagant affair to celebrate the announcement of their daughter's engagement.

强森家宣布女儿文定了,他们举行十分浪费的运动来庆贺。

* affair

运动;庆贺

Synonym

同义词:1. excessive 2. prodigal; lavish

Antonym

反义词:1. restrained 2. frugal; economical

hyperbole

n. exaggerated statements made for effect 夸大法

Flora used hyperboles to impress the importance of what she was saying on the children.

芙洛拉用夸大的办法,让孩子们明确她说的话的紧张性。

Synonym

同义词:overstatement

Antonym

反义词:understatement; litotes

hyperborean

adj. situated in the extreme north ; very cold 极北的;严寒的

Very few of the Taiwanese exchange students could acclimate themselves to the hyperborean winters in Wisconsin.

台湾来的交流留先生中,很少人能顺应威斯康辛州严寒的冬天。

* acclimate

顺应新情况

hypercritical

adj. too critical 苛求的

Constance's hypercritical remarks wounded James' pride and left him disheartened.

康史坦丝吹毛求疵的批评伤了詹姆斯的自负,使他很懊丧。

* disheartened

懊丧的;泄气的

Synonym

同义词:captious; carping

ignominious

adj. bringing shame; dishonorable 不声誉的

The company president's ignominious arrest and conviction forced the company into bankruptcy.

这家公司的总裁蒙受不声誉的拘捕及判罪,迫使该公司宣告停业。

* conviction

判罪;治罪

Synonym

同义词:disreputable; discreditable; disgraceful

Antonym

反义词:honorable

immure

v. to imprison; to shut a person up 囚禁;开释

 

n. immurement

Immured in the castle dungeon for years, the peasant was unable to take the mental strain and finally went mad.

被囚禁盘城堡地牢多年,农人无法接受心思的担负,终于发狂了。

* dungeon

地牢

* strain

担负

impecunious

adj. having little or no money 贫苦的

His family being impecunious, young Frederick was forced to take two jobs to help feed his family.

由于家景贫穷,年老的弗雷德瑞克自愿做两份任务,来帮助养家。

Synonym

同义词:destitute; indigent

Antonym

反义词:affluent; prosperous

insomnia

n. inability to sleep 失眠

Greg's stress over his work was causing insomnia which was making him susceptible to getting sick.

葛瑞格的任务压力太大,招致他失眠,而使他很容易抱病。

* susceptible

易受熏染的

Synonym

同义词:sleeplessness

intricate

adj. complicated; difficult to understand 庞大的

Gertrude admired the hard work it required to make lace with such intricate patterns.

葛楚十分敬佩要做出把戏云云庞大的花边,所必需下的工夫。

Synonym

同义词:complex; elaborate

invulnerable

adj. not able to be hurt 不会受损伤的

The country's possession of nuclear weapons convinced them they were invulnerable to any attack.

该国拥有核武器使他们置信,他们能抵抗任何打击而不受损伤。

Synonym

同义词:invincible

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