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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 28(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-29公布 l 已有人阅读
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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panacea

n. remedy far all diseases 万仙丹

The new drug developed by the laboratory is not a panacea for cancer, but it will help in many cases.

实行室所开辟出来的新药,并不是癌症的万仙丹,但它对很多病例会有协助。

pandemonium

n. wild and noisy disorder 哗闹;大杂乱

When the teacher returned to her kindergarten classroom, it was complete pandemonium with children running around and yelling.

当教师回到幼儿园的课堂时,那边是一片杂乱,孩子们高声喊叫、跑来跑去。

Synonym

同义词:racket; tumult; chaos

panorama

n. wide and complete view 全景

Our hotel's rotating dining room offers a panorama of the city as you've never seen before.

本饭馆中旋转式的餐厅,能让您看到您前所未见的郊区全景。

* rotate

旋转

parallelism

n. state of being parallel; similarity 平行;相似

These two philosophers are always studied together because of the parallelism of their theories.

由于这两位哲学家的实际相似,以是人们总是一同研讨他们。

paranoid

adj. suffering from delusions 患贪图症的

After important records were altered by a computer hacker, Nick grew paranoid that his company would become bankrupt.

在紧张的记载被合法入侵电脑者变动之后,尼克变得有贪图症,以为他的公司会停业。

* hacker

合法入侵电脑者

paraphrase

v. to restate in different words 改写

Our teacher asked us to paraphrase Brutus' speech from Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" in modem English.

教师要我们将莎士比亚的剧作厂凯撒大帝」中布鲁特斯的演说,用古代英文改写。

Synonym

同义词:transcribe

perfunctory

adj. done without care 搪塞的

The police did a perfunctory search of the office, knowing the suspect had escaped long ago.

警方草草地搜一搜办公室,晓得嫌犯早曾经逃脱了。

Synonym

同义词:cursory; superficial

Antonym

反义词:attentive; assiduous; thorough

perpendicular

adj. at an angle of 90 degrees 垂直的

The perpendicular white cliffs of Dover are one of Britian's most spectacular sights.

多佛陡悄的白色悬崖是英国最壮观的风光之一。

Synonym

同义词:vertical; upright; precipitous

Antonym

反义词:horizontal

posterity

n. person's descendants; future generations (聚集名词)子女

Herbert demanded that his grandmother? s handmade quilt not be sold so he could save it for posterity.

赫伯特要求不要将祖母亲手做的棉被卖失,他要把它耳传给子女。

Synonym

同义词:offspring; progeny; issue

posthumous

adj. coming or happening after death 身后的

The author's posthumous novel sold quickly, as book collectors knew that his last work would one day be valuable.

那位作家身后出书的小说卖得很好,由于藏书家们晓得,他的遗作将会很值钱。

Synonym

同义词:post-mortem

precocious

adj. ahead of time 早熟的

 

n. precocity

The child's precocious vocabulary startled his kindergarten teacher.

这个孩子早熟的字汇,使幼儿园教师大为受惊。

Synonym

同义词:premature; forward

Antonym

反义词:retarded; backward

predilection

n. special liking 偏好

Sean's predilection for traveling to exotic, far-away places led to his decision to become a career tour guide.

西恩关于去悠远的他乡游览的偏好,使他决议成为专业导游。

* exotic

异国风情的

Synonym

同义词:bias; partiality; preference; inclination

prodigal

adj. wasteful; spending too much 浪费的

Marianna worried that Jeff's prodigal ways would lead to his ruin.

玛丽安娜担忧杰夫的浪费会招致他的消灭。

Synonym

同义词:extravagant; spendthrift; profligate

Antonym

反义词:parsimonious; frugal; thrifty

profane

adj. showing contempt for God or holy things 轻渎的

 

v. profane

Ivan's highly religious grandmother considered his refusal to marry in the church as profane.

伊凡的祖母十分忠诚,她以为伊凡回绝在教堂完婚,是一种轻渎的举动。

Synonym

同义词:sacrilegious; blasphemous

Antonym

反义词:reverent; religious

refraction

n. bending aside, as when a ray of light enters water or glass 折射

 

v. refract

Nora demonstrated refraction by placing a pencil in a glass full of water.

诺拉把一支铅笔放在装满水的玻璃杯中,来表明折射的景象。

rejuvenate

v. to make young again 使规复芳华

Many cosmetics companies advertise products that will rejuvenate the skin, although this is physically impossible.

很多化装品公司登载产物告白,表现能使皮肤规复芳华,但是就生理上而言, 这是不行能的。

* cosmetic

化装品

relinquish

v. to give up 保持

The mayor announced he would relinquish his office if he was found negligent in the restaurant fire.

市长宣布,假如査出他在这次餐厅大火的不测中有疏失的话,他就上台。

Synonym

同义词:abandon; renounce; forgo

subservient

adj. 1. assistant 辅佐的 2. giving too much respect to 卑屈的

Upper management required our department^ subservient compliance to their demands, no matter how ridiculous.

下级主管要我们部分卑屈地依从他们的要求,无论要求是何等荒唐。

* compliance

依从

Synonym

同义词:1 .auxiliary; instrumental 2. servile

Antonym

反义词:2. domineering

subversive

adj. tending to overthrow or destroy ****的

The state deemed his political ideas as subversive and imprisoned him in a hard labor camp for twenty-five years.

当局以为他的政治头脑有****的偏向,于是将他关入劳改营达二十五年。

Synonym

同义词:perversive; incendiary; riotous

supercilious

adj. thinking others of little importance; arrogant 旁若无人的;自卑的

The son of a rich and important businessman, Thurston took on a supercilious air towards the other students.

身为一位富有且无足轻重的贩子之子,瑟斯顿以旁若无人的态度看待其他同窗。

Synonym

同义词:vainglorious; haughty; insolent

Antonym

反义词:meek; unassuming; humble

superimpose

 

 

v. to put one thing on top of something else 置于他物之上;添加

In the movie, "Forrest Gump," computers were used to superimpose the actor's image onto films of dead presidents.

在影戏「阿甘正传」里,他们用电脑将演员的影像参加已故总统的影片中。

syllogism

 

 

n. reaching a conclusion from two statements 三段论法

A famous example of a syllogism is, "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal."

三段论法最闻名的例子是:「苏格拉底是人,一切人都市去世,以是苏格拉底也会去世。」

synthesis

n. combination of separate parts 综合;分解

This performance is the synthesis of two different styles of dance, creating a whole new type of dance.

这场扮演是综合两种差别作风的舞蹈,发明出一种全新的舞蹈。

Synonym

同义词:amalgamation; blend

transfuse

v. to pour from one container to another 移注;贯注

The toxic liquid was transfused to air-tight containers and then buried.

毒液被注人密闭的容器中,然后埋葬起来。

transparent

adj. able to be seen through 通明的

The petals of the flower were so delicate that they were almost transparent.

那朵花的花瓣十分纤细,简直是通明的。

Synonym

同义词:diaphanous; transpicuous; crystalline

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