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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 30(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-05-05公布 l 已有人阅读
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aphorism

n. short, wise saying 格言;警句

The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."

桑雅处置业务所遵照的座右铭是:「工夫便是款项。」

Synonym

同义词:maxim; dictum; adage; precept

cauterize

v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 炙烤

To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.

为了止血,大夫必需炙烤动脉。

* artery

动脉

complicity

n. taking part with another person in crime 同谋

Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.

奥提斯为东尼保管赃物,这种同谋的举动,使他也有罪。

Synonym

同义词:conspiracy; collusion; connivance

conformity

n. agreement 分歧

Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.

日本社会注重分歧性,而非本位主义,他们会打击崭露锋芒的人。

* beat down

打垮;压抑

* stick out

突出

Synonym

同义词:consistency; uniformity; congruity

decrepitude

n. state of being old and weak 朽迈;破旧

The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.

将这栋破旧的修建物拆失重修,要比整修来得划算。

* renovate

修复

Synonym

同义词:senility; dilapidation

defeatist

n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 失败主义者

Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.

汤玛斯是个失败主义者,他历来都不以为会有乐成的能够。

ductile

adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 和善的

Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.

铜的延展性很好,可以制成十分细的铜丝。

Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.

温驯的役兽,比方牛,是很好的犁田植物。

* copper

* plow

犁;耕地

Synonym

同义词:1. plastic; malleable 2. docile

eccentricity

n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 乖僻;怪癖

As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.

由于杰佛瑞是个十分密切的老人,以是大少数人都市容忍他的怪癖。

* put up with

忍耐

Synonym

同义词:idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness

entomology

n. study of insects 虫豸学

Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.

虫豸学系的先生正忙着察看蚂蚁在草地上搬运食品。

ethnology

n. study of the races of mankind 人种学

Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.

人种学是人类学的一个分科。

* anthropology

人类学

etymology

n. (study of) the origin and history of words 语源(学)

The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."

传授表明,谁人字的语源是希腊文,意思是「生疏人」。

fortitude

n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 坚固;坚毅

The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.

谁人城镇的镇民以动人的坚固态度,处置飓风当时的残局。

* aftermath

(灾祸等的)余波;结果

* hurricane

飓风

Synonym

同义词:perseverance; endurance; intrepidity

Antonym

反义词:cowardice; timidity

hedonism

n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 吃苦主义

Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.

离开农场艰辛的生存,巴尼寻求大都会的吃苦。

Antonym

反义词:asceticism

latitude

n. freedom in action or opinion (举动或百论的)自在范畴

The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.

关于怎样针对古希腊这个主题提出陈诉,教师赐与我们许多选择的自在。

Synonym

同义词:liberty; freedom

memorialize

v. to keep the memory of 留念

The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.

为了留念这次战役,人们制作了一座由三位兵士高举着国旗的宏大雕像。

Synonym

同义词:commemorate; monumentalize

oculist

n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科医师

The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.

十七世纪的眼科医师,关于改正镜片的运用,感触惊讶。

optimism

n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 乐上帝义;悲观

Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.

罗拉的悲观具有熏染力,很快地百口人都置信新的奇迹会乐成。

* contagious

感染性的

Synonym

同义词:sanguineness

Antonym

反义词:pessimism; defeatism

ornithologist

n. expert in the study of birds 鸟类学家

Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.

有几位鸟类学家受邀至公园,调査在那边筑巢的有数老鹰的数目。

passivism

n. failure to respond actively 悲观主义

Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.

艾迪从不到场班上的讨论,他在班上的悲观态度,使他无法学到更多。

proximity

n. nearness 靠近

 

adj. proximate

Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.

我们的校园接近市中央,方便先生到场市内的文明运动。

Synonym

同义词:contiguity; adjacency; vicinity

Antonym

反义词:farness; remoteness; distance

puerile

adj. like a child 像小孩的;老练的

Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.

保罗老练的举动使珍妮佛感触非常穷困,因而她分开了宴会。

Synonym

同义词:childish; juvenile; naive

rationalize

v. to reason 使公道化;找籍口

Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.

蒂娜以容许今天开端减肥作籍口,午餐时吃了三条巧克力。

Synonym

同义词:justify; account for

sagacity

n. wisdom 睿智;夺目

 

adj. sagacious

My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.

我的祖母德高望重,人们有林林总总的题目,都仰赖祖母的睿智来处理。

Synonym

同义词:insight; judiciousness; sageness

sophist

n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 狡辩家

Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.

安琪拉的叔叔正告她,有很多爱狡辩的人在当局机构办事,她本人要警惕。

victimize

v. to make a victim 使捐躯;使受益

Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.

大少数强横案的受益人,不只遭到打击者的损伤,还成为无情又不公道的法律制度下的捐躯品。

Synonym

同义词:sacrifice

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