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名师答疑:raise和rise的用法和区别

kira86 于2018-09-25公布 l 已有人阅读
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“raise”和“rise”的意思有什么差别?以及详细用法详解。
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Ask a Teacher: Raise of Rise?

名师答疑:Raise 照旧Rise

Have you ever been confused by the verbs "raise" and "rise"?Both words mean "to move upward."They also sound similar.But we don't use them in the same way.

你能否曾被“raise”和“rise”这两个动词搞懵懂?这两个词的意思都是“向上挪动”。它们听起来也很类似。但是它们的运用的方法差别。

Adriana from Uruguay says:

来自乌拉圭的阿德里亚娜说:

I would like to know the difference in meaning between "raise" and "rise" and when to use one or the other.I asked this question to a U.S. citizen and she could not tell me the answer.

我想晓得“raise”和“rise”的意思有什么差别,以及什么时分运用这两个词。为此我讨教了一个美国百姓,她也说不出个以是然。

Hello Adriana and thanks for writing to us!

阿德瑞娜你好,谢谢你给我们写信!

That is a great question and something many English learners wonder about.The short answer is that "raise" is a transitive verb and "rise" is intransitive.I'll tell you what that means in a moment.

这是一个很好的题目,也是很多英语学习者想晓得的。简而言之,“raise”是及物动词,而“rise”是不及物动词。我一下子我再详细通知你。

But, as you saw, many native English speakers might not be able to describe that difference.I suspect the same is true for you in Spanish – the right words just come at the right time, perhaps without you knowing the technical reason.

但是,正如你所看到的,很多以英语为母语的人能够无法描绘这种差别。适宜的词语在适宜的工夫呈现,我想你的母语西班牙语也是云云,大概连你也说不出个以是然。

To answer your question more fully, let me begin by giving you the dictionary meanings of each verb:

为了更片面地答复你的题目,让我们先从每个动词的字典意义开端:

To raise means to lift or move something or someone upward.It also means to increase.

To raise意思是把某物或某团体向上举起或挪动。它也有添加的意思。

To rise means to move upward or to increase.

To rise意思是向上挪动或添加。

Notice that "raise" includes the words "something" and "someone."That's the big difference between the two.With "raise," something is causing the upward movement of something else, whereas with "rise," the cause is not stated.

留意,“raise”运用的工具可以是“something”和“someone”。这便是两个动词间的最大区别。在某物惹起另一物的上升活动中可以运用“raise”,但是运用“rise”的语境中并没有表现出这种因果干系。

Raise is a transitive verb, which means it takes a direct object.A direct object is a person or thing that receives the action of the verb.Here is an example:

“Raise”是一个及物动词,前面可以间接跟宾语。间接宾语是举措的接受者。来看一个例子:

Adriana raised her hand when she had a question.

阿德里安娜有题目要问,于是她举起了手。

Here, the subject (Adriana) is causing the object (her hand) to move upward.Here's another example:

在这个例句中,是主语(阿德里安娜)使她的手举起来的。另有一个列子:

The restaurant raised dinner prices for Valentine's Day.

饭馆在恋人节这天进步了晚餐的价钱。

The subject (the restaurant) is causing the object (dinner prices) to increase.

主语(饭馆)招致了宾语(晚餐价钱)的举高。

On the other hand, "rise" is intransitive.It is never followed by a direct object.Here's an example:

另一方面,“rise”是不及物动词。它历来不间接跟宾语,来看一个例子:

Warm air rises.

热氛围上升。

Here's another example:

另有别的一个例子:

Swedish stocks rose after the election Monday.

周一的推举日当时,瑞典股市下跌。

Looking at this example, we can see there is a cause for the rise of stocks,but we do not directly state it in the subject-verb-object way do with "raise."

由这个股票下跌的例子,我们可以看出股票下跌是有缘由的,但是我们并没有像“raise”那样间接用主-动-宾的方法来描绘“下跌”。

Notice that the past tense of "rise" is "rose."That's because the verb is irregular: rise, rose, risen.But, "raise" is regular: raise, raised, raised.

留意,“rise”的过来式是“rose”。那是由于“rise”是个不规矩动词:rise, rose, risen。但是,“raise”是个规矩动词:raise,raised,raised.

Do you have a question for Ask a Teacher?Write to us in the Comments area.Be sure to list your country!

你有什么题目要征询名师答疑吗?在批评区给我们留言。肯定要列出你的国度!

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上便是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

艾丽斯·布莱恩特为您播报。

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