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名师答疑:怎样规矩地讯问老外的任务?

kira86 于2018-10-10公布 l 已有人阅读
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明天的名师答疑节目要答复一个,关于怎样讯问他人的任务的题目。
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Ask a Teacher: Asking Someone About Their Job

名师答疑:讯问或人的任务

Have you ever wanted to ask someone in English about the kind of work they do but were unsure how? Many cultures have ways of doing this.

你有没有想过用英语讯问或人他们做的是什么任务,但又不确定怎样问?很多文明都有讯问别人任务的办法。

Today on Ask a Teacher, our question comes from Azra in Turkey.

明天的名师答疑节目中,我们的题目来自土耳其的阿兹拉。

Is it polite to ask people about their jobs? How can I ask someone without sounding impolite?

讯问他人的任务规矩吗?我怎样问才干不让他人以为我没规矩呢?

Hello Azra and thanks for writing to us!

你好,阿兹拉。感激你写给我们!

In the United States, asking someone about their job is one of the most common things to do when meeting that person for the first time. But in some other cultures, this question may be considered disrespectful, so be careful.

在美国,第一次见到或人时,讯问他的任务是最罕见的事变之一。但在其他一些文明中,这个题目能够被以为是无礼的,以是要慎重。

Although questions such as "What is your job" and "What are you" seem like the most direct ways to ask, we do not use them. The questions are structured correctly but, to Americans, they can sound impolite and unnatural.

固然像“What is your job?”和“What are you?”如许的题目好像是最间接的发问方法,但我们不必它们。这些题目的构造是准确的,但对美国人来说,它们听起来既不规矩又不天然。

Instead, we have a few ways to ask that sound more natural.

相反,我们有一些听起来更天然的讯问办法。

When you meet someone in a social situation, and you want to know what kind of work they do, the most common question is this:

当你在交际场所遇到某些人,而且想晓得他们做什么任务时,最罕见的题目是:

What do you do?

你是做什么的?

It is a shorter way of asking:

这是一种更冗长的讯问方法,

What do you do for a living?

相较于你做什么任务营生?

Listen to both questions and some answers you might hear. Pay close attention to the pronunciation of "What do you do" as it usually sounds like "Whaddya do" when said quickly:

听两个题目和一些你能够听过的答案。细心听“What do you do?”的发音,当说快时,它通常听起来像“what addya do?”:

What do you do?

你是做什么的?

I'm a teacher.

我是一名教师。

What do you do for a living?

你做什么任务营生?

I work in photojournalism.

我从事旧事拍照任务。

What do you do?

你是做什么的?

I run an arts program for teenagers.

我担任青少年的艺术课程。

What do you do for a living?

你做什么任务营生?

I'm a musician.

我是一名音乐家。

Compare the question "What do you do" to "What are you doing" They sound similar, but the second is not work-related. It is asking what the person is doing right now, this minute.

将“What do you do?”这个题目与“What are you doing?”相比拟。它们听起来很类似,但第二个与任务有关。它问的是这团体现在正在做什么。

Two other friendly ways to ask someone about their work are "What kind of work do you do" and "What line of work are you in"You can answer in the same way, saying something like, "I run an arts program for teenagers" or "I'm a musician."

别的两种讯问别人任务的敌对方法是“What kind of work do you do?”和“What line of work are you in?”。你可以用异样的方法答复,比方说,“I run an arts program for teenagers.”或许“I’m a musician.”。

After the person answers the question, it is a good idea to ask one or two more questions, Listen to an example:

对方答复完题目后,最好再问一两个题目。听一个例子:

What do you do for a living?

你做什么任务营生?

I run an arts program for teenagers.

我担任青少年的艺术课程。

Nice! How long have you been doing that?

不错!你做这份任务多久了?

For about five years now.

约莫有5年了。

Where do you work?

你在那边任务?

At the city's arts and culture division.

在本市的艺术文明部分。

Despite how common job-related questions are in social situations in the U.S., situations differ. Some people may find these questions too personal if asked too soon. If you're ever unsure, you can start a conversation in other ways, such as asking what the person does for fun in that city. Or, you can comment on something interesting or funny at the event or activity.

固然在美国,与任务相干的题目在交际场所很罕见,但状况有所差别。假如问得太早,有些人能够会以为这些题目太公家化了。假如你不确定,你可以用其他方法开端攀谈,比方问对方在谁人都会做什么风趣的事变。或许,你可以对运动中一些风趣的事变宣布批评。

You should avoid the questions "What is your profession" and "What is your occupation" They sound too official, so we do not use them in friendly situations. You would probably only hear them during a job interview or in an office environment.

你应该防止“What is your profession?”和“What is your occupation?”如许的题目。它们听起来太正式了,以是我们不会在敌对场所运用它们。你能够只会在任务口试或办公室入耳到它们。

Another thing to know is that, in American culture, we do not ask about a person's wages. Even some close friends and relatives do not discuss this subject. So, unless someone shares this information with you or asks for wage advice, avoid asking this question.

另一件要晓得的事变是,在美国文明中,我们不会问一团体的人为。乃至一些密切的冤家和亲戚也不讨论这个话题。以是,除非有人跟你分享这些信息,或许向你征求人为方面的发起,不然不要问这个题目。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上便是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

艾丽斯·布赖恩特为您播报。

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