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美国国度迷信院电子烟研讨陈诉:电子烟优劣知几多

kira86 于2018-10-19公布 l 已有人阅读
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美国国度迷信院(NAS)发布一项新的陈诉,陈诉整合800多项关于电子烟对运用者安康影响的迷信研讨。

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Report: What’s Known About the Harms and Benefits of E-Cigarettes

电子烟优劣知几多

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NAS) has released a new report looking at more than 800 scientific studies about the effects of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on users’ health.

美国国度迷信院(NAS)发布一项新的陈诉,陈诉整合800多项关于电子烟对运用者安康影响的迷信研讨。

The study, mandated by Congress, is the most comprehensive analysis of existing research about e-cigarettes.

此项研讨由国会受权,片面剖析了电子烟的影响。

The report draws dozens of conclusions about a range of public health impacts of e-cigarettes.

陈诉得出了一系列关于电子烟对大众安康影响的结论,

However, it does not conclude whether the overall impact is either positive or negative.

但并未提及全体影响是好是坏。

The report pays special attention to the impact of e-cigarettes on children and teenagers, who use them at higher rates than adults do.

陈诉次要存眷电子烟对儿童和青少年的影响,由于这些群体运用电子烟的频率比成人高。

Conclusions from the report:

相干结论

Exposure to nicotine varies, depending on the device, the e-liquid used in the device, and how the user operates it.

集体摄入尼古丁的几多因电子烟中烟油的含量以及集体操纵电子烟的方法而异。

Experienced adult users of e-cigarettes can get just as much nicotine as from regular cigarettes. Nicotine is the addictive drug in tobacco.

有经历的成年运用者摄入的尼古丁能够和吸烟一样多。

Most e-cigarettes contain and emit a variety of substances in addition to nicotine that could be toxic.

大局部电子烟含有并开释多种除尼古丁以外的物质,而这些物质能够有毒。

There is generally far less exposure to these other toxic substances from e-cigarettes than from regular cigarettes.

但相比平凡香烟,人们打仗电子烟开释的其他有毒物质就少得多了。

Using e-cigarettes can be addictive.

电子烟能够上瘾。

There is some evidence that the severity of an addiction to e-cigarettes likely depends on many factors, including the type and brand of the device, and the nicotine concentration and flavoring in the e-liquid used.

有证据标明对电子烟的成瘾水平取决于多种要素,这此中就包罗运用的电子烟的品牌和范例,以及烟油中尼古丁和香料的含量。

There is some evidence that the severity of an addiction to e-cigarettes is lower than for regular cigarettes.

尚有证据标明人们对电子烟的成瘾严峻水平比平凡香烟要低得多。

Completely switching to e-cigarettes reduces the exposure to many toxins and cancer-causing substances in regular cigarettes.

用电子烟完全替代平凡香烟可以增加人们打仗有毒物质和致癌物质的品种。

However, many adults who use e-cigarettes also continue to use other tobacco products, too.

但是,很多成年人在选用电子烟的同时,仍持续吸食香烟;

In the short term, completely switching to e-cigarettes can lower the harmful effects to the body caused by smoking.

短期而言,完全运用电子烟可以低落吸烟对身材的无害影响。

Long-term effects are not yet clear because e-cigarettes are relatively new. They have only been on the market since 2006.

临时而言,电子烟对身材的影响还不明白,由于电子烟还是新兴事物(2006年才面世)。

E-cigarettes’ impact on youth

电子烟对青少年的影响

Young people use e-cigarettes more than any other tobacco product, and use them at higher rates than do adults.

青少年更偏向于运用电子烟而非香烟产物,并且运用的频率比成年人高。

The NAS report found a strong association between youth using e-cigarettes and their likelihood of trying conventional cigarettes.

NAS的陈诉指出运用电子烟和将来吸食香烟之间存在很大的联系关系性。

It’s not yet clear whether young e-cigarette users who try regular cigarettes will continue smoking over the long term.

但运用电子烟的青少年在实验香烟之后能否会临时吸食,还不得而知。

In the past, the US Surgeon General has criticized e-cigarette marketers for using strategies that target young people.

美国卫生总署曾地下责备电子烟贩卖方接纳针对青少年的市场宣传战略。

Nicotine is highly addictive at any age, but is especially dangerous for children, teenagers, and young adults because their brains are still developing at this age.

任何阶段的人群都容易迷上尼古丁,此中尤以儿童、青少年和年老人为甚,这是由于这些人群的大脑还处于发育阶段。

Most users, including youth, prefer to use flavored e-cigarettes.

包罗青少年在内的大局部运用者都偏向于选用加了香料的电子烟,

Many flavors appear to be aimed at children, with names such as Cherry Crush and Cotton Candy.

而电子烟的许多口胃也都是针对青少年,如樱桃味和棉花糖味。

American Cancer Society experts weigh in

威望发言

Experts from the American Cancer Society (ACS) acknowledge the continuing issues brought up by the NAS report, including:

美国癌症协会(ACS)专家坦言NAS的这份陈诉会带来一系列的题目,包罗:

An association between the use of e-cigarettes by youth and the eventual use of regular cigarettes

关于青少年运用电子烟与吸食平凡香烟的联系关系性

Evidence that e-cigarettes are not harmless, but are likely to be much less harmful than regular cigarettes

有证据标明电子烟并非完全有害,但极有能够比平凡香烟危害小得多。

The long-term risks of continued use of e-cigarettes are not yet known

运用电子烟带来的临时危害还不得而知。

These are similar to findings of a recent comprehensive review conducted by ACS researchers.

这些结论与ACS近来所做的一项片面研讨结论相似。

That review concludes that the overall population health effects of electronic cigarettes are complex, and there is not yet agreement among the scientific community.

ACS的陈诉指出电子烟对人们安康的全体影响很庞大,这在迷信界还没有告竣一致意见。

The populations most vulnerable to harmful effects of e-cigarettes might be youth and pregnant women because they are more likely than other populations to be harmed by exposure to nicotine.

电子烟的无害影响次要会合在青少年和孕妇,由于他们比其他群体更容易因打仗尼古丁而蒙受不良影响。

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, the advocacy affiliate of the American Cancer Society, is urging the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to use its full authority to regulate all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes.

ACS的上司国度政策划议机构癌症举动网络正尽力鞭策美国食品药品监视办理局(FDA)运用其统统职权对包罗电子烟在内的统统烟草产物实验控制。

The FDA announced in 2016 that it would begin regulating e-cigarettes, hookahs, cigars, and other tobacco products the same way it does regular cigarettes.

FDA宣称会于2016年对电子烟、水烟、雪茄和其他烟草成品实验与平凡香烟一样严峻的管控步伐。

But it later delayed until 2022 the deadline for tobacco companies to apply for approval to keep selling their products.

但随后将这天期推延至2022年,即:停止2022年,一切烟草公司如需持续贩卖烟草成品须取得FDA答应。

原文泉源:/read/bi/healthnews/https://www.cancer.org/latest-news/report-whats-known-about-the-harms-and-benefits-of-e-cigarettes.html?_ga=2.49422434.518996323.1539409932-127578105.1539409932

 

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留意事变:此网站一切文章版权均归美国癌症协会一切。如需转载或翻印,请细心阅读相干政策(Content Usage Policy).

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