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上钢琴课或听音乐 有助于进步言语表达才能

kira86 于2018-06-29公布 l 已有人阅读
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听说音乐家拥有较好的言语表达才能。而迷信研讨也证明了这一点,音乐有助于言语学习。
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钢琴.jpg
Piano Lessons Tune Up Language Skills

钢琴课有助于进步言语表达才能

Musicians are said to have better language skills. And scientific studies have backed that up. But it's not clear why that might be the case.

听说音乐家拥有较好的言语表达才能。而迷信研讨也证明了这一实际,不外关于音乐为何会激起言语才能,这一点还不清晰。

Now a study of 74 Chinese kindergartners suggests six months of piano lessons can heighten the brain's response to changes in pitch. And kids who got piano lessons were also better at telling apart two similar-sounding Mandarin words, which contained different consonants, than were students who got extra reading training, or who went through regular kindergarten.

如今一项针对74名中国幼儿园小冤家的研讨标明,六个月的钢琴课会进步大脑对音高变革的反响才能。而这些上过钢琴课的小孩,在辨别两个发音相似、但词语中包括差别声母的中文词语方面,比那些承受过额定阅读训练的先生或许上平凡幼儿园的先生做得更好。

The results are in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

这项研讨后果宣布在《美国国度迷信院院刊》上

Now Mandarin is a tonal language - the famous example is the word 'ma' which can mean mother or horse depending on its pitch. So might musical training translate better to Mandarin, than it would to English?

由于平凡话是一门腔调言语,最著名的例子是“ma”这个音的意思能够是“妈”照旧“马”都是由腔调来决议的。那么,音乐训练对学习中文的协助比对学英语的协助要大?

Yeah it's possible that influenced the results. Robert Desimone, a neuroscientist at the McGovern Institute at MIT. But he says other studies do back up the fact that music lessons benefit language learners, even in countries without tonal languages. "And what our study added on top of that was some idea of the neural basis for those benefits."

麻省理工学院麦戈文研讨所的神经学家罗伯特•德西蒙表现:“是的,后果很能够是那样的。”他说,但是别的研讨也证明了一个现实,即:音乐课对言语学习者无益,乃至对不是腔调言语的国度(的先生)也无益。“除此以外,关于这些好处,我们的研讨增补了一些关于神经根底方面的观点。”

And if you don't own a piano, don't despair. The reading group actually did just as good on many measures as the piano group. "Reading's pretty good actually. We don't mean to downplay reading instruction."

另有,假如你没有钢琴,也不要绝望。承受阅读训练的小组在某些方面,和上钢琴课的先生体现得一样精彩。“阅读实践上十分好。我们并没有要抬高阅读讲授的意思。”

More important, he says, was to show piano wasn't actually worse than reading for these skills... perhaps encouraging cash-strapped schools to keep their music programs alive.

他说,(我们)更紧张的是展现钢琴课并不比阅读等技艺差,大概是想劝说那些资金告急的学校别舍弃他们的音乐课程。

小e英语Jewel翻译,欢送捉虫。

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